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THE CH1UBE3  OF  MVTHURl                                                9
that whatever may have been the status of the Jats in remote antiquity, in
historic times they were no way distinguished from other agricultural tribes, such
as the Kurmis and Lodhas, till so recent a period as the beginning of last century.
Many of the largest Jat communities in the district distinctly recognize the
social inferiority of the caste, by representing themselves as having been degrad-
ed from the rank of Thakurs on account; of certain irregularities in their mar-
riage customs or similar reasons. Thus, the Jats of the Godha sub-division, who
occupy the 18 villages of the Ayra-khera circle in the MaM-ban pargana, trace
their pedigree from a certain Thakur of the very ancient Framar clan, who
emigrated into these parts from Dhar in the Dakhin, They say that his sons,
for want of more suitable alliances, married into J&t families in the neighbour-
hood and thus came to be reckoned as Jats themselves. Similarly the Dangri
Jats of the five Madem villages in the same pargana have a tradition, the accu-
racy of which there seems no reason to dispute, that their ancestor, by name
Kapiir, was a Sissodiya Thakur from Chitor. These facts are both curious in
themselves and also conclusive as showing that the Jats have no claim to pure
Kshatriya descent | but they throw no light at all upon the origin of the tribe
which the new immigrants found already settled in the country and with which
they amalgamated : and as the :Lanae, ia its present form, does not occur in any
literary record whatever till quite recent days, there must always remain some
doubt about the matter. The sub-divisions are exceedingly numerous: one of
the largest of them all being the Nohwar, who derive their name from the town
of Noh amd form the bulk of the population throughout the whole of the Noh-
jhil pargana.
Of Brahmans the most numerous class is the Sani-dh, frequently called
Sanaurhiya, and next the Gaur ; but these will be found in every part of India,
and claim no special investigation. The Chaubes of Mathuri however, number-
ing in all some 6,000 persons, are a peculiar race and must not be passed over
so summarily. They are still very celebrated as wrestlers and3 in the Mathura
Mahatrnya, their learning and other virtues also are extolled in the most extra-
vagant terms ; but either the writer was prejudiced or time has had a sadly de-
teriorating effect They are now ordinarily described by their own country-
men as a low and ignorant horde of rapacious mendicants. Like the Prr^-
walas at Allahabad, they are the recognized local cicerones ; and they may
always be seen with their portly forms lolling about near the most popular ghats
and temples, ready to bear down upon the first pilgrim that approaches. One
of their most noticeable peculiarities is that they are very reluctant to make a